Paralysis means loss of muscle function and is generally accompanied by sensory loss in the affected area. It is caused by the damages to the central nervous system especially spinal cord. Causes include stroke, nerve damage, trauma, multiple sclerosis, etc. It occurs either fully or partially. Lower half paralysis is known as paraplegia and paralysis of both arms and legs is known as quadriplegia.
Causes of Paralysis
It happens only when the blood supply to the brain is stopped. Because, blood carries oxygen and nutrients that the brain needs to function correctly. Types of paralysis from stroke are one sided paralysis, hemiparesis, spasticity, trouble swallowing and foot drop.
Spinal cord injury:
It’s the second largest cause of paralysis after stroke. Spinal cord is the central part of nervous system which transfer signals to brain and all parts of the body. When the cord is damaged because of spine injury, the brain can’t transfer signals to muscles which results in paralysis.
At the point when a part of the mind that controls particular muscles is harmed because of head injury, paralysis occurs.
It is a chronic disorder of the central nervous system. Interruption of communication between the mind and the muscles because of inflammation that scars the nerves which results in a paralytic disease called multiple sclerosis.
Management of Paralysis
The goal of treatment for individuals with paralysis is commonly for them to live as independently as possible with the utmost quality of life.
The ideal management for each individual with paralysis depends on the type of paralysis and the effect this has on their quality of life.
Proper care and consultation can offer solution to some types of paralysis. There are many alternatives available at specialists that are designed to improve affected area function and help compensate for any weakness in the affected muscles.
The complications of paralysis also require sufficient management and monitoring and consultation. It is useful to be alert of likely complications so that signs can be known earlier if they do occur. Additionally, regular check up with the specialist should be addressed to improve the quality of life of each individual.